Unclos Has Two Implementation Agreements

While the UN Secretary-General opposes the instruments of ratification and accession and the UN supports the meetings of the parties to the Convention, the UN has no direct operational role in the implementation of the Convention. However, there is a role played by organizations such as the International Maritime Organization, the International Whaling Commission and the International Seabed Authority (ISA). (The ISA was established by the UN Convention)) At the beginning of the twentieth century, some nations expressed their desire to expand their national ambitions: to integrate mineral resources, protect fish stocks and provide the means to enforce pollution controls. (The League of Nations convened a conference in The Hague in 1930, but no agreement was reached. [6]) President Harry S. Truman extended U.S. control to all of his continent`s natural resources in 1945, applying the principle of peoples` use of a nation`s right to protect its natural resources. Other nations soon followed. Between 1946 and 1950, Chile, Peru and Ecuador extended their rights to a distance of 200 nautical miles (370 km) to cover their fishing grounds in the Humboldtstrom Torrent. Other nations have extended their coastal seas to 12 nautical miles (22 km).

[7] In July 1990, the Secretary-General convened a series of informal consultations, culminating on July 28, 1994, with the adoption, on July 28, 1994, of the Agreement on the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The Agreement entered into force on 28 July 1996. In 1960, the United Nations held the Second Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCS II); However, the Geneva conference, which was held for six weeks, did not result in any new agreement. [12] In general, developing and third world countries participated only as clients, allies or members of the United States or the Soviet Union, with no significant separate voice. [14] Convention on the Law of the Sea and adjacent area On November 16, 1993, the Convention received its sixtieth instrument of ratification or accession, which means that it will enter into force on November 16, 1994, in accordance with its conditions (Article 308). The General Assembly itself called upon all States to participate in the consultations and to redouble their efforts to achieve universal participation in the Convention as soon as possible. 3/ The imminent entry into force of the Convention gave the informal consultations a sense of urgency. For the next round of consultations, held from 2 to 6 August 1993, an information note of 4 June 1993 was updated, in which Parts A and B(i) of the information note of 8 April 1993 were updated to reflect the comments of the previous round of consultations. During this round of consultations, a document of 3 August 1993, prepared by representatives of several industrialized and developing countries, was circulated among delegations to contribute to the consultation process.

. . .