For these terms that you do not yet know, we have defined 25 important Latin legal concepts, whose meaning is broken down and scenarios of their use in the real world. Some of this Latin terminology is very common in general discourse and written communication; other Latin terms are less used in specialized situations, particularly in the fields of law, science and education/science. quid pro quo -Latin for “something for something,” to identify what each part of an agreement expects from the other, sometimes called mutual consideration. Example of its use: “What is the counterpart for my conclusion of this agreement?” Latin is obviously essential to the functioning of many basic professions and disciplines, and for the rest of us, Latin remains fascinating and useful in understanding our daily language, especially Latin expressions and terminologies that survive and emerge in economics, technical definitions, law, education, grammar and science, etc. Latin legal terms may appear as a language outside of your daily use, but you`ll be surprised at how much you already know. We`ve all seen a suspect serve as an alibi by observing our favorite legal drama, and you`ve probably made a lot of Quid Pro quo deals, whether you`ve ever exchanged books, recipes or even favors. right judicata – in Latin for “the thing has been tried”, which means that the case has already been decided in court by another court, between the same parties. Therefore, the court will dismiss the case reforesting as unnecessary. For example, an Ohio court finds that John is the father of Betty`s child. John can`t go back on the problem in another state. Sometimes called res adjudicata. Latin terminology, expressions and phrases are widely used in the English language.
Modern meanings and uses, although developed and adapted, most often still reflect original translations. There are many very familiar Latin terms in the list below, as well as literal/original meanings and examples of modern use. Here is the list of Latin terms, including some very common popular phrases, and many of the less frequent but fascinating specialized terminologies: in personam – Latin for “one person in particular. In a proceeding in which the case is brought against a particular person, a summons and a complaint must be served on that person in order to give the court jurisdiction to decide the case, and the judgment applies to that person and is called “in personam. In Personam, one distinguishes from in rem, which applies to property or “the whole world” in place of a particular person. This technical distinction is important in determining where a prosecution is filed and serving as an accused. In personam means that a judgment against the person can be enforceable wherever he or she is. On the other hand, if the complaint is to determine the ownership of the property (in the form), then the application must be filed if the property exists and is only enforceable there.
habeas corpus – in Latin for “You have the body” is an inscription (court order) that orders prosecuting officers (prison administrators, police or sheriff) who have custody of a prisoner to go to court with the prisoner to help the judge determine whether the prisoner is legally in prison or in prison. The application is collected by a request to a judge in the district or district where the prisoner is being held, and the judge determines whether there is a legal basis for the prisoner`s detention.